Jakarta is the capital and largest city of Indonesia, and one of the most populous urban agglomerations in the world.
Established in the fourth century, the city became an important trading port for the Kingdom of Sunda. It was the de facto capital of the Dutch East Indies (known as Batavia). Today, the city is not only the Indonesia’s Capital, it is also the seat of the ASEAN Secretariat, the governing center of this Regional Association.
Jakarta is listed as a global city in the 2008 Globalization and World Cities Study Group and Network (GaWC) research. Based on survey by Brooking Institute, in 2011 economic growth in Jakarta ranked 17th among the world's 200 largest cities, a jump from its 2007 ranking of 171.
In 2014 global consultant A.T. Kearney released the Emerging Cities Outlook 2014 which ranked Jakarta first among 35 emerging world cities in terms of potential to improve their global standing in the next few decades.
Jakarta is an urban city, home of over ten million people from nearly every part of Indonesia and also from other countries. Jakarta is originally the home of the Betawi people, a type of Melayu people. But in recent times, these people are already intermarried and some are forced to live in rural area because of the urban condition of Jakarta. With this kind of urban condition, Jakarta is facing a severe problem of homeless people, unemployment and poverty.
Jakarta, being located in the tropical area has a monsoon climate according to the Köppen climate classification system. Despite being located relatively closed to the equator, the city has distinct wet and dry seasons. The wet season in Jakarta covers the majority of the year, running from October through April. The remaining months constitute the city’s dry season.